Meeting 15 January 2005
Good or bad food and food related deseases, like kidney failiur/problems, allergies, diabetes and more....Veterinarian BUBA BADJE aka. "Robinson-Buba", who has previously worked as technical responsible for Finland and Sweden at IAMS, and also is teaching vet.students in nutricious science at the University, held this seminar.
Notes: Lena Malm
A good start
It is very important that kittens get the first milk (Colostrums) produced by the mammary glands within 8 hours after birth.
The colostrums contains important antibodies that passes epithelia in the intestine.
Epithelium closes after 8 hours.
The Colostrums during the 3 first days has the best composition. The milk changes over time.
Kittens need their own special food and it is ok for the mother to eat the kittens food as well. The kitten food is well adapted for the kittens mouth and stomach. The development of the kittens teeth can be disturbed if they eat adult food.
All cats should have food adapted for its lifestyle at the moment. The lifestyle can change over time.
Kittens grow fast the first 6 months. At one year of age the cat is as old as a 23 year old human.
Common mistakes when feeding:
1. Fat soluble vitamins that can be overdosed are A,D,E,K.
2. Low Taurine food.
3. To high energy content = overweight
4. Food rich on "CHO" (blood glucose)
Cats are strict meat eaters. Check the composition of the food.
Antioxidants protect the food, so that oxygen don't make the fat oxidise.
(Preservative, both natural and synthetic are used. Synthetics might be dangerous).
Antioxidants even protect against oxidation inside the body.
Fresh food tastes better. Make sure you don't buy to large quantities. New food every 6 weeks is recommended.
Food and Diseases
urinary infection, tartar, diarrhoea, urine crystals, constipation, overweight.
The food can be made more tasteful to make the cat eat more. This is not good, it should be naturally tasteful. (salt, sugar, garlic)
This is primarily caused by Incorrect food, and secondarily by disease.
Factors: Age, castration, hormones, diseases.
Risks: Diabetes, high blood pressure, reproduction problems , Anaesthetic problems.(Carbohydrates are added to dry food in order to being able to make pellets. Carbohydrates are not natural for the cat).
Kidney dysfunction, progressive/irreversible damage.
Symptom: Diffuse. Early diagnosis good, then it might be possible to take measures with diet food, KD (Kidney Diet)
Possible causes - Worms, intestinal damages, poisoning, food intolerance, infections, food allergy, organ diseases.
Treatment: Normalizing the intestinal environment (there are Veterinary diet food available for intestinal problems).
There is no need to starve the cat if you chose the right diet food.
Symptoms - bad breath, increased salivation , no appetite, bad general condition, risk of blood poisoning.
preventation: Tooth brushing, the right food.
Scaling removes the tartar above and below the gum line. This is done with hand instruments and ultrasonic cleaning equipment.
Crystals in the urine:
Symptoms - The cat has difficulty urinating. There are two different sorts of Crystals, Stuvite and Oxalate crystals.
Stuvite crystals are founded in a alkaline environment, and Oxalate crystals ar founded in acid environment.
Stuvite Crystals usualy strikes newtered males. Can be dissolved with diet food.
Oxalate Crystals can't be dissolved. Surgery is needed.
Cats can have both sorts of crystals at the same time.
Urine Crystals can be prevented with special diet food.